References for Ticks

References–in development

1. Commins, S. P., et al. (2011). “The relevance of tick bites to the production of IgE antibodies to the mammalian oligosaccharide galactose-α-1,3-galactose.” Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 127(5): 1286-1293.e1286.

2. Hamsten, C., et al. (2013). “Identification of galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose in the gastrointestinal tract of the tick Ixodes ricinus; possible relationship with red meat allergy.” Allergy 68(4): 549-552.




Lone Star Ticks in New Jersey: Risk, Ecology, and Prevention:

Environmental and Molecular Drivers of the α-Gal Syndrome:

The alpha-gal story: Lessons learned from connecting the dots:

van Nunen, S. A. (2018). “Tick-induced allergies: mammalian meat allergy and tick anaphylaxis.” Med J Aust 208(7): 316-321.

Crispell, G., et al. (2019). “Discovery of Alpha-Gal-Containing Antigens in North American Tick Species Believed to Induce Red Meat Allergy.” Front Immunol 10: 1056.

Cabezas-Cruz, A., et al. (2019). “Environmental and Molecular Drivers of the alpha-Gal Syndrome.” Front Immunol 10: 1210.